Abū ‘Abd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Abdullah al-Lawati al-Tanji ibn Baṭūṭah (Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله اللواتي الطنجي بن بطوطة), or simply Ibn Battuta, also known as Shams ad-Din (February 25, 1304 – 1368 or 1369), was a Muslim Moroccan explorer, known for his extensive travels published in the Rihla (literally, "The Journey"). Over a period of thirty years, he visited most of the known Islamic world, including North Africa, theHorn of Africa, West Africa, Southern Europe and Eastern Europe in the West, to the Middle East, South Asia,Central Asia, Southeast Asia and China in the East, a distance surpassing his near-contemporary Marco Polo. Ibn Battuta is considered one of the greatest travellers of all time. He journeyed more than 75,000 miles (121,000 km), a figure unsurpassed by any individual explorer until the coming of the Steam Age some 450 years later.
イブン・バットゥータ（英: Ibn Battuta、アラビア語: ابن بطوطة ibn baṭṭūṭah、全名アブー・アブドゥッラー・ムハンマド・イブン・アブドゥッラー・アッ＝ラワーティー・アッ＝タンジー（アラビア語: أبو عبد الله محمد ابن عبد الله اللواتي الطنجي ʾabū ʿabd allāh muḥammad ibn ʿabd allāh al-lawātī al-ṭanǧī、1304年2月24日 -1368年）は、モロッコのタンジェ生まれのイスラム法学者・旅行家。
Cabeza de Vaca regressou à Espanha em 1537 e conseguiu que se lhe outorgasse o governo do Rio da Prata. Para fazê-lo efetivo, iniciou em 1540 sua segunda viagem, que o levou a sul do continente americano. Após longa viagem por terra, partindo da Ilha de Santa Catarina, no Brasil, descobriu, em 1542, as Cataratas do Iguaçu. Também explorou o curso do Rio Paraguai e submeteu algumas tribos indígenas. Porém, logo entrou em conflito com os colonos espanhóis estabelecidos anteriormente que, chefiados por Irala, rejeitaram a autoridade do governador e seus projetos de organizar a colonização do território, esquecendo de perseguir os quiméricos tesouros de que falavam as lendas indígenas.
The name "Iguazu" comes from the Guarani or Tupi words y[ɨ], meaning "water", and ûasú[waˈsu], meaning "big". Legend has it that a god planned to marry a beautiful woman named Naipí, who fled with her mortal lover Tarobá in a canoe. In rage the god sliced the river, creating the waterfalls and condemning the lovers to an eternal fall. The first European to find the falls was the Spanish ConquistadorÁlvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca in 1541.
André Malraux (pronounced: [ɑ̃dʁe malʁo]) DSO (3 November 1901 – 23 November 1976) was a French adventurer, award-winning author, and statesman. Having traveled extensively in Indochina and China, Malraux was noted especially for his novel entitled La Condition Humaine (Man's Fate) (1933), which won the Prix Goncourt. He was appointed by General Charles de Gaulle as Minister of Information (1945–1946), then as Minister of State (1958–1959), and the first Minister of Cultural Affairs, serving during De Gaulle's entire presidency (1959–1969).
Fridtjof Wedel-Jarlsberg Nansen (English pronunciation: /ˈfrɪd.tʃɒf ˈnænsən/; 10 October 1861 – 13 May 1930) was a Norwegian explorer, scientist, diplomat, humanitarian and Nobel Peace Prize laureate. In his youth a champion skier and ice skater, he led the team that made the first crossing of the Greenland interior in 1888, and won international fame after reaching a record northern latitude of 86°14' during his North Pole expedition of 1893–96. Although he retired from exploration after his return to Norway, his techniques of polar travel and his innovations in equipment and clothing influenced a generation of subsequent Arctic and Antarctic expeditions.
Evliya Çelebi (March 25(?), 1611 – 1682) (Ottoman Turkish:اوليا چلبى) was a Turkish traveler who journeyed through the territory of the Ottoman Empire and neighboring lands over a period of forty years.
Naomi Uemura (植村 直己, Uemura Naomi, February 12, 1941 – c. February 13, 1984) was a Japaneseadventurer. He was particularly well known for doing alone what had previously been achieved only with large teams. For example, he was the first person ever to reach the North Pole solo, the first ever to raft the Amazon solo, and the first ever to climb Mount McKinley solo.