Mies van der Rohe war einer der bedeutendsten Architekten der Moderne. Mit den Mitteln der technischen Zivilisation wollte er diese architektonisch ordnen und repräsentieren. Seine Baukunst gilt dem Ausdruck konstruktiver Logik und räumlicher Freiheit in klassischer Form. Dafür entwickelte er moderne Tragstrukturen aus Stahl, die eine hohe Variabilität der Nutzflächen und eine großflächige Verglasung der Fassaden ermöglichten. Dieses Konzept war so rational und universal, dass es auf viele zeitgenössische Architekten einen außerordentlich großen Einfluss ausübte (siehe auch International Style) und bis heute, den technischen Innovationen entsprechend, immer weiter entwickelt wurde. Das Verhältnis von Proportion, Detailund Material in seinem Werk sowie die einmaligen Raumschöpfungen der Jahre in Berlin hatten ebenfalls große Wirkung. Berühmt wurde er schließlich auch mit seinem Hinweis auf die Bedeutung des Wesentlichen, der seither sprichwörtlich ist: „Weniger ist mehr“.
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (March 27, 1886 – August 17, 1969) was a German architect. He is commonly referred to and addressed as Mies, his surname.
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, along with Walter Gropius and Le Corbusier, are widely regarded as the pioneering masters ofModern architecture. Mies, like many of his post World War I contemporaries, sought to establish a new architectural style that could represent modern times just as Classical and Gothic did for their own eras. He created an influential twentieth century architectural style, stated with extreme clarity and simplicity. His mature buildings made use of modern materials such as industrial steel and plate glass to define interior spaces. He strived towards an architecture with a minimal framework of structural order balanced against the implied freedom of free-flowing open space. He called his buildings "skin and bones" architecture. He sought a rational approach that would guide the creative process of architectural design. He is often associated with the aphorisms "less is more" and "God is in the details".
ルートヴィヒ・ミース・ファン・デル・ローエ（Ludwig Mies van der Rohe、1886年3月27日、アーヘン - 1969年8月17日、シカゴ）は、20世紀のモダニズム建築を代表する、ドイツ出身の建築家。
José Victoriano (Carmelo Carlos) González-Pérez (March 23, 1887 – May 11, 1927), better known as Juan Gris, was a Spanish painter and sculptor who lived and worked in France most of his life. His works, which are closely connected to the emergence of an innovative artistic genre—Cubism—are among the movement's most distinctive.
Происхождение этого праздника уходит своими корнями в дописьменную эпоху истории человечества. Официальный статус он приобрел вАхеменидской Империи, как религиозный праздник зороастризма. Продолжает повсеместно отмечаться и после исламских завоеваний, вплоть до настоящего времени. В современное время отмечается в дни, на которые приходится весеннее равноденствие.
Mother's Day is a celebration honouring mothers and celebrating motherhood, maternal bonds and the influence of mothers in society. It is celebrated on various days in many parts of the world, yet most commonly in March, April, or May. It complements Father's Day, the celebration honoring fathers.
Celebrations of mothers and motherhood occur throughout the world; many of these can be traced back to ancient festivals, like the Greek cult to Cybele, the Roman festival of Hilaria or the Christian Mothering Sundaycelebration.
Mother's Day in most Arab countries is celebrated on 21 March. It was introduced in Egypt by journalist Mustafa Amin in his book (Smiling America) 1943. The idea was overlooked at the time, but when Amin heard the story of a widowed mother who devoted her whole life to raise her son until he became a doctor, got married and left without showing her any gratitude, Amin became motivated to promote for "Mother's Day". The idea was first ridiculed by president Gamal Abdel Nasser but he eventually accepted it and Mother's Day was first celebrated on 21 March 1956. The practice has since been copied by the other Arab countries.
When Mustafa Amin was arrested and imprisoned, there were attempts to change the name of the holiday from "Mother's Day" to "Family Day" as the government wished to prevent the occasion from reminding people of its founder. These attempts were unsuccessful and celebrations continued to be held on that day; classic songs celebrating mothers remain famous to this day.
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France still retained control of the Tunisia’s foreign affairs, and gradually the nations returned to the same arrangement of 1881. By November 1955, France grantedMorocco independence; which helped pave the way for Tunisia’s independence. March 20, 1956, Tunisia achieved independence from France proposed by Habib Bourguiba. France, Tunisia, and Western Powers remained in good relations; which helps to bring the country economic aid to this day.
Autumnal Equinox Day (秋分の日 Shūbun no hi?) is a public holiday in Japan that usually occurs on September 22 or 23, the date of autumnal equinox in Japan Standard Time (autumnal equinox can occur on different dates for different timezones). Due to the necessity of recent astronomical measurements, the date of the holiday is not officially declared until February of the previous year. Autumnal Equinox Day became a public holiday on 1948. In 1947 and before, it was the date of Shūki kōreisai ( 秋季皇霊祭?), an event relating to Shintoism. Like other holidays, this holiday was repackaged as a non-religious holiday for the sake of separation of religion and state in Japan's postwar constitution.
An equinox occurs twice a year, when the tilt of the Earth's axis is inclined neither away from nor towards the Sun, the center of the Sun being in the same plane as the Earth's equator. The term equinox can also be used in a broader sense, meaning the date when such a passage happens. The name "equinox" is derived from the Latin aequus (equal) and nox(night), because around the equinox, the night and day have approximately equal length.
At an equinox, the Sun is at one of two opposite points on the celestial sphere where the celestial equator (i.e. declination 0) and ecliptic intersect. These points of intersection are called equinoctial points: classically, the vernal point and the autumnal point. By extension, the term equinox may denote an equinoctial point.
Marimekko is a Finnish company based in Helsinki that has made important contributions to fashion, especially in the 1960s and 1970s. They are particularly noted for brightly-colored printed fabrics and simple styles, used both in women's garments and in home furnishings.