Australia Day (previously known as Anniversary Day, Foundation Day and ANA Day) is the official national day of Australia. Celebrated annually on 26 January, the day commemorates the arrival of the First Fleet at Sydney Cove in 1788, the hoisting of the British flag there, and the proclamation of British sovereignty over the eastern seaboard of New Holland.
Although it was not known as Australia Day until over a century later, records of celebrations on 26 January date back to 1808, with Governor Lachlan Macquarie having held the first official celebration of the formation of New South Wales in 1818. In 2004, an estimated 7.5 million people attended Australia Day celebrations and functions across the country.
É considerado um dos maiores expoentes da música brasileira e um dos criadores do movimento da bossa nova. É praticamente uma unanimidade entre críticos e público em termos de qualidade e sofisticação musical.
アントニオ・カルロス・ジョビン (葡: Antônio Carlos Jobim、1927年1月25日 - 1994年12月8日)は、ブラジルの作曲家、編曲家、ミュージシャン。本名はアントニオ・カルロス・ブラジレイロ・デ・アルメイダ・ジョビン(Antônio Carlos Brasileiro de Almeida Jobim) 。略してトム・ジョビン (Tom Jobim) とも呼ばれる。
Robert Burns (25 January 1759 – 21 July 1796) (also known as Rabbie Burns, Scotland's favourite son, the Ploughman Poet, Robden of Solway Firth, the Bard of Ayrshire and in Scotland as simply The Bard) was a Scottish poet and a lyricist. He is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland, and is celebrated worldwide. He is the best known of the poets who have written in the Scots language, although much of his writing is also in English and a "light" Scots dialect, accessible to an audience beyond Scotland. He also wrote in standard English, and in these his political or civil commentary is often at its most blunt.
A Burns supper is a celebration of the life and poetry of the poet Robert Burns, author of many Scots poems. The suppers are normally held on or near the poet's birthday, 25 January, sometimes also known as Robert Burns Day or Burns Night (Burns Nicht), although they may in principle be held at any time of the year.
Burns suppers are most common in Scotland and Northern Ireland, but occur wherever there are BurnsClubs, Scottish Societies, expatriate Scots, or aficionados of Burns' poetry. There is a particularly strong tradition of them in southern New Zealand's main city Dunedin, of which Burns' nephew Thomas Burns was a founding father.
スコットランドでは1月25日はバーンズ・ナイトと呼ばれ、バーンズ・サパーを開きバーンズを記念する日とされている。セルカーク・グレースでディナーが始まり、メインディッシュには伝統料理ハギスが供される。バグパイプに率いられ運ばれてきたハギスを前にバーンズの『ハギスに捧げる詩』（Address to a Haggis）を暗唱し、ハギスにナイフを入れる儀式が行なわれる。さらにバーンズの詩やバーンズにちなんだ話、バーンズの詩による歌謡や音楽が披露され、最後に参加者全員で手をつなぎ、Auld Lang Syneを歌って終宴となる。
John F. Kennedy was sworn in as the 35th President at noon on January 20, 1961. In his inaugural address he spoke of the need for all Americans to be active citizens, famously saying, "Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country." He also asked the nations of the world to join together to fight what he called the "common enemies of man: tyranny, poverty, disease, and war itself." He added: "All this will not be finished in the first one hundred days. Nor will it be finished in the first one thousand days, nor in the life of this Administration, nor even perhaps in our lifetime on this planet. But let us begin." In closing, he expanded on his desire for greater internationalism: "Finally, whether you are citizens of America or citizens of the world, ask of us here the same high standards of strength and sacrifice which we ask of you."
Tu Bishvat (Hebrew: ט״ו בשבט) is a minor Jewish holiday, usually occurring in late January or early February, that marks the "New Year of the Trees" (Hebrew: ראש השנה לאילנות, Rosh HaShanah La'Ilanot). Tu Bishvat is one of four "New Years" mentioned in the Mishnah. Customs include planting trees and eating dried fruits and nuts, especially figs, dates, raisins, carob, and almonds. In Israel, the flowering of the almond tree, which grows wild around the country, coincides with Tu Bishvat.
Tu Bishvat is celebrated on the 15th day of the Jewish month of Shevat.
Kenjiro Takayanagi (高柳 健次郎, Takayanagi Kenjirō?, January 20, 1899 – July 23, 1990, born in Hamamatsu, Shizuoka) was a Japanese pioneer in the development of television. Although he failed to gain much recognition in the West, he built the world's first all-electronic television receiver, and is referred to as "the father of Japanese television".
The first picture he transmitted was of the Japanese katakana character イ made up of 40 scan lines.