Abū ‘Abd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Abdullah al-Lawati al-Tanji ibn Baṭūṭah (Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله اللواتي الطنجي بن بطوطة), or simply Ibn Battuta, also known as Shams ad-Din (February 25, 1304 – 1368 or 1369), was a Muslim Moroccan explorer, known for his extensive travels published in the Rihla (literally, "The Journey"). Over a period of thirty years, he visited most of the known Islamic world, including North Africa, theHorn of Africa, West Africa, Southern Europe and Eastern Europe in the West, to the Middle East, South Asia,Central Asia, Southeast Asia and China in the East, a distance surpassing his near-contemporary Marco Polo. Ibn Battuta is considered one of the greatest travellers of all time. He journeyed more than 75,000 miles (121,000 km), a figure unsurpassed by any individual explorer until the coming of the Steam Age some 450 years later.
イブン・バットゥータ（英: Ibn Battuta、アラビア語: ابن بطوطة ibn baṭṭūṭah、全名アブー・アブドゥッラー・ムハンマド・イブン・アブドゥッラー・アッ＝ラワーティー・アッ＝タンジー（アラビア語: أبو عبد الله محمد ابن عبد الله اللواتي الطنجي ʾabū ʿabd allāh muḥammad ibn ʿabd allāh al-lawātī al-ṭanǧī、1304年2月24日 -1368年）は、モロッコのタンジェ生まれのイスラム法学者・旅行家。
Marie Ziade (née Marie, with Ziade also written Ziadé, Ziyada or Ziadeh) (Arabic: ماريزيادة) (February 11, 1886. – 1941), known by her pen nameMay Ziade (Arabic: ميزيادة), was a prolific poet, essayist and translator.
A writer for the Arabic newspapers and periodicals, Ziade also wrote a number of poems and books. She was a key figure of theNahda in the early 20th century Arab literary scene, and is known for being an "early Palestinian feminist" and a "pioneer of Oriental feminism"."
Australia Day (previously known as Anniversary Day, Foundation Day and ANA Day) is the official national day of Australia. Celebrated annually on 26 January, the day commemorates the arrival of the First Fleet at Sydney Cove in 1788, the hoisting of the British flag there, and the proclamation of British sovereignty over the eastern seaboard of New Holland.
Although it was not known as Australia Day until over a century later, records of celebrations on 26 January date back to 1808, with Governor Lachlan Macquarie having held the first official celebration of the formation of New South Wales in 1818. In 2004, an estimated 7.5 million people attended Australia Day celebrations and functions across the country.
ハリール・ジブラーン（本名 Gibrān Khalīl Gibrān bin Mikhā'īl bin Sa'ad; アラビア語： جبران خليل جبران بن ميکائيل بن سعد)、シリア語ܓ̰ܒܪܢ ܚܠܝܠ ܓ̰ܒܪܢ Khalil Gibran、1883年1月6日 - 1931年4月10日）はレバノン出身の詩人、画家、彫刻家。英語読みからカリール・ジブランとも呼ばれる。キリスト教マロン派教徒。